Publikováno dne 12.8.2020
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Vigdis also was an inventive Director of the Reykjavík Theatre Company, she was a instructor of French at the University of Iceland, and was the press officer at the National Theatre of Iceland ( and ). She broadcast lectures on native tv, and educated native tour guides. Iceland has had a girl as either president or prime minister for 20 of the last 36 years.

The Badass Girl Who ‘saved’ This Icelandic Treasure

On June 29, 1980 Vigdís Finnbogadóttir was voted in as the first female president of Iceland, and the fourth president of the republic. She was the primary lady to be elected head of state in a nationwide election, and the world’s first democratically elected feminine president. After turning into president without opposition in 1984, 1988, and 1992, she retired from the presidency in 1996.

Iceland: South Coast Explorer + Snaefelsnes Peninsula Multi

That proportion declined to 38 percent in the subsequent election. Elin Eggertsdottir is an arts and entertainment executive and Icelander residing within the United States.

The Archive was began by feminist activists and librarians in 1975, and was housed in the residence of considered one of its founders, Anna Sigurðardóttir, till 1996, when it grew to become a part of the National Library. From the start, the Archive had the help of Iceland’s women’s associations, and today the relationship between the Archive and women’s groups is still a central part of the Archive’s work. Members of parliament in 1924, together with Ingibjörg H. Bjarnason, the primary women elected to Icelandic parliament. Photo from the Women’s Day Off on October 24, 1975, when ninety five% of all Icelandic women walked out of work and home to protest inequality in wages and job opportunities. Fortunately, according to Aas, Icelandic women are finding methods to resist limited concepts of beauty of their everyday lives, starting with the instance they’re setting. “Many of us select to be impressed by women who respect their our bodies and have a cheerful balance with family, work, spirituality, and health,” she says. “It was an excellent private reminder to talk about myself respectfully, particularly around my own daughter.”

She identified how the new legislation shifts the main focus of implementing equal pay away from the worker and towards the employer. Ólafsdóttir is the Senior Human Resources Manager for CCP Games, an interactive entertainment company that makes digital actuality video games. When she began at CCP in 2013, the corporate did not have a written equal pay policy. Ólafsdóttir decided to assist change that, and lead the way for CCP Games to undergo a voluntary audit. This was accomplished in 2016, in partnership with one of Iceland’s largest unions. Yet, how do Icelandic women feel in regards to the impact of this new regulation?

It is also important to note that the first Icelandic women elected to a municipal government in 1908 and to parliament in 1922 were represented by women’s lists, not the normal political parties. When this political experiment was repeated a number of many years later with the establishment of the Women’s Alliance in 1982, it led to major adjustments and a jump in women’s participation in politics. The political platform of the Women’s Alliance consisted of “women’s calls for”, corresponding to childcare for children to enable women to participate in the labour market on an equal footing with men, which were supported by feminine constituents. During these decades, women started to take energy to define and redefine the world we stay in and even invent new “truths” from the place they have been standing. Feminism began to infiltrate theology with God known as She by the primary lady ever to be inaugurated as a priest in Iceland in 1974, or 974 years after Iceland turned Christian and 60 years after it turned authorized for ladies to function priests. Thirty-eight years after that, in 2012, Iceland’s first female bishop was inaugurated. They partly succeeded in 1914 and 1915 when women had been granted the authorized right to be Protestant monks, and the best to vote and run as political candidates, respectively.

Both the Women’s History Archive and the Hinsegin Huldkonur project are looking again over a male-dominated historic document to find the ladies whose lives and stories are hidden in archival collections and in undiscovered attic bins. Of course, this work of refocusing our historical awareness and filling within the archival gaps is not unique to Iceland. This identical work is being accomplished by skilled and amateur public historians everywhere in the U.S. who realize that equal representation in historical analysis can’t move forward with out primary sources. Filling within the gaps in our collections and archives lays a basis of historic data for researchers and writers from center school to the academy to construct upon. I could see that this interconnectedness of past and current knowledgeable Rakel’s work at the Women’s History Archive as properly.

I determined to connect with them on to get their reactions, and find out how they thought their workplaces would possibly change. I additionally talked to experts from the United Kingdom and the United States to seek out out if Iceland’s authorized precedent may lengthen to different international locations. The systemic political and financial empowerment of girls went hand in hand with the “invasion” of feminist students into the cradle of data in the Nineteen Sixties and Nineteen Seventies, resulting within the emergence of a brand new actuality that was beforehand unstated and unseen. It was launched within the 1960s, deriving its meaning from the experience of the so-far powerless and unvoiced victims, the survivors, who got a loudspeaker with this new feminist terminology. Consequently, historically and nonetheless right now, the struggle of girls human rights defenders is not about good or dangerous men per se. Instead, it’s all about use and abuse of energy and authority, namely converting a system the place a tradition of impunity prevails over a tradition of accountability for violence in opposition to women . The Women’s Alliance ceased to exist in 1999 after working relentlessly from inside parliament, influencing the political debate and the political agendas of the normal political events.

During her time as president she used her position to give attention to youth and to support forestry, while promoting Icelandic language and culture. After her retirement as president in 1996, Vigdis went on to turn out to be “founding chair of the Council of Women World Leaders on the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University”. Two years later, in 1998, she was appointed president of the Unesco World Commission on the Ethics of Scientific Knowledge and Technology.

Day 2

In the 2016 parliamentary election masking sixty three seats, 30 women were elected, increasing the variety of females within the Alþingi to over 47%. Compared to the United States which sits at twenty p.c, Iceland was stated to have the “most equal parliament” in the world when women received forty eight% of the seats in 2016. In 2018, Iceland made unequal pay for equal work unlawful; firms and government agencies with over 25 employees face heavy fines. 45.5% of the Icelandic formal workforce was women in 2010. In the 2000s, just below eighty% of Icelandic women were in formal employment, the very best price in the OECD (about 86% of men have been in formal employment).

However, there was a huge gap between the progressive, rights-primarily based regulation development and prevalent cultural norms and societal actuality, which kept men of their place of power enjoying their “first-mover advantage” and continued to carry women back. Despite being legendary, it has its roots in reality, as women enjoyed sure liberties and had cultural and spiritual authority through the commonwealth period that lingered on throughout the ages. On the spiritual entrance, variety was embraced in the “pre-modern”, pagan society. There have been gods and goddesses, in addition to men and women serving as cultural and non secular authorities. Women had been priestesses and oracles, poets and rune masters, merchants and drugs medical doctors, having fun with respect in society. It has been influenced by cultural, political, religious, social, academic and financial currents which have washed ashore and been domestically cultivated and created.

A performance by Reykjavíkurdætur , an Icelandic feminist rap collective who rap about gender points. Both farming and trading were family companies, and women have been usually left in cost when their husbands had been away or useless.

There can be evidence that women could make a living in commerce within the Viking Age. Merchants’ scales and weights present in feminine graves in Scandinavia suggest an association between women and trade.

Where Are The Icelandic Women?

Rates of mothers in work are additionally high, maybe as a result of excessive childcare coverage and beneficiant parental depart policies. Women have been in formal work for an average of 35 hours every week, compared to 44 hours for men. In 2008, sixty five% of ladies working have been doing so full-time, compared to 90% of men. Icelandic women first obtained the best to vote in parliamentary elections in 1915.

“Some women are only proud of themselves if they’ve labored out vigorously, watched every thing that they’ve eaten, and feel like they’re at their peak,” she says. We seen you are in France, would you like to see your local website? Thanks to mandatory icelandic girl quotas, almost half of board members of listed corporations are actually women, whereas 65% of Iceland’s college students and 41% of MPs are feminine. The Daughters of Reykjavik are a feminist rap collective who rap about gender issues.